Periodontal Disease

The leading cause of adult tooth loss

An estimated 80% of people will experience some form of gum disease during their lifetime. Gum disease – also called periodontal disease – This is generally caused by an infection of the gums, tooth roots and bone surrounding the teeth.


Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and can cause inflammation, gum tenderness and bleeding when brushing and flossing.

When treated early by the Inform Dental team, gingivitis can be reversed and prevented in the future by adopting a thorough oral hygiene routine and attending regular hygiene check-up appointments every six months.


Periodontal disease is a condition that increases in its severity the longer it is left untreated and is the leading cause of adult tooth loss. When gum disease has progressed from gingivitis, it is then known as periodontitis.

The most common cause of gum disease is plaque, a clear sticky film over the teeth and gums. The bacteria in plaque attacks the gum tissue and tooth enamel, causing both gum disease and tooth decay.

Correct brushing twice a day (morning after breakfast and night before bed) and flossing will help prevent the build-up of plaque.

The signs and symptoms that can indicate the presence of gum disease include:

  • Swollen and tender gums that bleed when you floss or brush your teeth
  • Space that has recently formed between teeth and increases
  • Receding gum line that makes your teeth look longer
  • Pus between teeth
  • Mouth sores
  • Constant bad breath
  • Changes in how your teeth bite together
  • Teeth mobility
  • Pain on chewing

If you experience any of these symptoms you should schedule a hygiene appointment with the Inform Dental team.